Monday, December 7, 2015

Epidemic of laughter

"It is well said that people think of as a flock; we can see that a freak in the head, but recovered slowly, one by one, "noted Charles Mackay, in 1841, in a book devoted to the social sciences.
A related experiment was conducted under the supervision of a group of scientists put five monkeys in a cage in the middle of a ladder cage. Above the staircase was placed a bunch of bananas. When a monkey climbing the stairs to take bananas, scientists threw a bucket of cold water that remains on the other foot. After some time, when a monkey tried to climb the stairs, the other did not allow her to climb. After long no monkey no longer climb the ladder, despite the temptation bananas.
  Then the scientists replaced one of the monkeys. The first thing that made it was trying to climb the ladder, but was held back by others and beaten. After a few beats, any member of the new group is no longer climb the ladder. A second monkey was replaced and the same thing happened. The first monkey replacement enthusiastically participated in the beating novice. A third was changed and things were repeated. The fourth and fifth were changed. Finally, scientists were left with five monkeys that had not received although never a bath with cold water continued to hit monkeys trying to reach the banana.
    If it was possible that monkeys be asked why he beat those who tried to climb the ladder, the answer would probably be "do not know. Things have always been like this ..."
Herd thinking explains, in part, a series of general mania that erupted over time. Crowds began to act strange phenomenon is degenerating quickly and just as quickly forgotten.

One of the strangest manifestations of herd thinking is epidemic in Tanzania and Uganda laughed. It appeared
at the end of January in 1962 at a school for girls in Kashasha. The laughter started from three students who have overreacted to a normal joke that appeared to have been actually affected by a strange epidemic,
whose causes have not been elucidated completely until today.
Shortly epidemic has affected 95 of the 159 students in the school and so was stopped classes, teachers are unable to control this situation more capable. Symptoms were lasting, may take several hours or even up to 16 days. Laughter was it is stronger to tears, but would be accompanied by rash, fits of fear or aggression, and sometimes patients experiencing pain, feeling panting because of respiratory problems, cry, cries involuntary and even unconsciousness. After seizures unexplained and unexpected laughter became weaker and stopped completely.

Ten days after the closure of the institution, the disease reappeared in a nearby village where they lived some of the girls who were sick. In total, about 217 residents were affected by the epidemic in April-May. Laughter epidemic has spread to other areas, every time there is a connection with a person on school girls. In total, they were affected by the epidemic over 1,000 persons in the two countries.
 Experts who have analyzed the phenomenon not found other symptoms that clear up the mystery disease and thus hypothesized that the epidemic was due to razor impact of psychoactive mushrooms, although evidence has never been found. The fact is that those affected were perfectly healthy people showed no abnormality to explain the disease, so the epidemic has still remained a mystery elucidated.
Outbreaks of infection ended only after a period of six months and has not been detected before. Of all happened because shaving epidemic in Tanzania concluded that came true adage "laughter can be contagious."

Gregariousness deeply tied to our species associated, contagion is a feature of human emotions, a result of the evolutionary process by which species strengthened adaptive resources and survival. When we respond and resonate with the emotions of our fellows, not only as we cultivate relationships with them, but we assure you that, under the universal principle of reciprocity will respond similarly when we need them, either to celebrate or for help when we are in difficulty.

A French film short film circulating on YouTube under the name of "Merci", trying to reproduce razor epidemic in Tanzania, in the Paris metro. The scenario is simple: an actor laughed without an obvious reason to be - maybe a bench and recalled that or a funny situation just lived it. Soon, all the passengers will follow in a laughing micro-epidemic.

Laughter is healthy, even those without reason. During shaving, the microbiological level, emissions occur hormones are beneficial emotional state and health and there was even laughter therapy that promises an improvement in emotional and changes the set of perceptions dramatic that keep us in a state of persistent sadness.

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Visits from the beyond

The fascination with the mysteries of this world has led to increased UFO so that the world expects the first contact with aliens recognized by the authorities. Proponents of the theory that there were ancient civilizations and they expect their return among us. We must not forget them nor those who believe that we are the fifth cycle of civilization and previous receded and live inside the Earth.

During this quest for unraveling the mysteries, there are times when characters or entities in the world of the dead make inroads into our world highlighting various emotions.

For centuries, Western culture has been conditioned by a materialist perspective that considers the universe as a giant machine composed of dead things. Recently, science has made discoveries that are revolutionizing worldview, opening new perspectives both on us as individuals and the nature of the cosmos in which we live.
"If I had another life," said Freud, "I devote a study occultism rather than psychoanalysis." Let's look
together several stories about one of the most exciting chapters of parapsychology: the world beyond appearances. They were selected and included in printed books recently signed by internationally renowned researchers and scientists.

A visitor in the kitchen

The most convincing evidence of this kind of events belongs to a doctor in psychology, Julian Burton, who conducted a scientific survey on the subject. At first, his questionnaires were sent to some American research institutes in Los Angeles extrasensory. The questions were strictly limited to the appointment of any contacts with people from the world beyond. Because the number of positive responses was huge (over 75% of all subjects) Burton suspected participants in the survey, researchers in psychology themselves, had been influenced by their interest in the world beyond. Then also sent questionnaires a row, this time, addressed to realistic profile universities. The answers again exceeded the rate of 50%, although subjects were future engineers and technicians. Encouraged by the effect his approach, English psychologist has composed more than 2,000 folders, continuing his work in California and Illinois.
Burton's interest in parapsychology appeared in dramatic circumstances linked to his mother's death in only 50 years. Very affected by its disappearance (brutally died in a car accident), six months after the death, suddenly he saw her in the kitchen of his apartment. "It was a night of September and had guests. I was cutting a pineapple in the kitchen when I heard behind me some steps. I thought it was my wife. I came back to ask where had Vessel salads, but before I stood my mother. She was visible, seemed much younger than the moment of death. He was wearing a costume blue with a fur collar, that not I had never seen her. Slowly, the figure disappeared. The next day, I called my sister to tell stories. He impressed a powerful and began to sob, wondering why there appeared to him and her. When I told she how our mother was dressed, remained simply bewildered, telling me that a week before the accident both had been shopping and mother tried costume, whom he wanted to and buy it. Unfortunately, it was firm and cost too much. "
At the time, Julian Burton was 31 years old and, although teaches psychology at a college, university returned to his doctorate on a topic extrasensory. "The emergence mother gave me the idea thesis. I have a feeling there are a lot of people who had lived similar experiences with mine. Even if the research we undertake at present I have stopped the rise in the hierarchy of teachers, I'm sure my effort will be rewarded. The two thousand cases registered with the relevant methods of inquiry, which will be added soon, a thousand, is a research-based concrete, which must be taken seriously. "
The boy sailor collar

 A paper based on the phenomenon of the apparitions of the world beyond English psychologist Andrew MacKenzie is the book entitled "Invisible and visible". Among the many stories inserted into it, and is that of a teacher from Essex, who later became the scenario of a hit television series. Ms. Judy Miles, aged 34, had participated in a baptism family party where he noticed a child of a particular beauty, which he had never seen him before. "He had blue eyes, a smiling face, wear long pants and a collared shirt style sailor. He ran among the other children, who devoured portions huge cakes, without eating anything. Do not talk to anyone and no one seemed to notice it. I overlooked, but when we got all goodbye, I noticed that the boy was gone. The next day, "recounts on Ms. Miles," I remembered him and I asked my daughter, aged 9 years if he knew who the boy that strange. No one had seen! None of the children who were running through the house resembled my description! That evening invites us to dinner my friend that I had been guests at the christening. I asked her who was the boy dressed in shirt sailor. After a moment of profound silence, she asked me, "have blue eyes and a smiling face?" I confirmed. Surprised - I was the first person who had seen what only they, the whole family had managed to see - he said that since lived in that house all the time the boy had seen. When it first appeared, heading toward the staircase climbs upstairs, thought it's a child on the street. But the front door was locked, and when he climbed after the baby was gone. Always came when she was alone in the house or when her children were playing in the rooms above. Do not say anything, but his presence was noticeable in that it could, for example, to hear footsteps in the corridor, while she was cooking in the kitchen. One day, she heard her son youngest, aged four years, speaking in his room. When lowered, he said he talked with the boy collar sailor who came to play with him.
Weather for six years, they were repeated occurrences of a dozen times until Amy and occupants on Road no. 10 have moved. During the preparation of luggage, baby blue eyes running here and there around the house, anxious. Then, while housing remained unoccupied for ten years, after which it was demolished, its place rising supermarket. "
There was never the boy who was with the angel face. The first owners, who had built the house, had no children, and the boy's clothes were far too modern to have lived here in the past century. The case illustrates how you can not better that not everyone can see the world beyond appearances, but only certain persons elected not know what criteria and especially young children.

The woman in elevator
One of the most impressive contemporary appearances is told by Dr. Elisabeth Kubler Ross, in her book "Death is a sunrise". Anesthesiologist in a hospital emergency American was the first specialist who studied the phenomena related to near-death, accompanying thousands dying in their journey to the threshold of the world. One day, when to take the elevator to the classroom of the university where he worked as a teacher invited Elisabeth Kubler-Ross noticed a woman. He stared at her and smiled. Amazingly, doctor and realized that faces one of his former patients from the emergency, who died a year ago. The appearance was airy but not transparent, not see through it. "Dr. Ross - woman addressed him with a clear voice - forgive me, but I had to come back. May I escort you home? I'll wait until you finish the seminary."
"I am a doctor with two majors," comments the story in the book, Dr. Elisabeth Ross. "Psychiatrist and anesthesiologist. I worked a long time with the schizophrenic patient and love them. When I describe hallucinations their visual, tell them," I know, just a virgin wall. But I can not see it. "Now, I say the same things to me: "Elisabeth, you know I see the dead in front of you. But it can not be true".
During the car ride back home, I wondered if what happens is possible. I repeat: "I'm too tired. I need a vacation. I have to touch this apparition to see if there really is. '"
Dr. Ross reached out to the woman to see if she will dissipate touch. He touched the skin, to see if it's hot or cold. "It was the worst experience of my life," she says. "When I arrived at my front door, opened it as if I were invited her. With an irresistible delicacy, he said to me:" Dr. Ross, had to come from the other world, for two reasons: first, to thank you for everything you have done for me before he died. But the real reason of my presence here is a plea: Do not abandon your research on death, not now. "I looked, telling me invariably it's not true. I remember the name: the woman in front of me was called Eva Schwarz, died and was buried a year ago. In addition, I did not believe in visions and apparitions from beyond the grave. "
To be convinced that dreams, Elisabeth Ross hit a few familiar objects on the desk. A touch wood table chair sitting. All concrete was present, no dreams. Guest bizarre asked her then if she knew how you can find the priest had shared before dying in the hospital room. The scientist who was Dr. Ross then had a flicker of lucidity. "The priest currently lives in Urbana. He would be happy to receive

from you a few words in writing. Take a pencil and a paper." The occurrence took utensils, noting a few letters on the sheet immaculate: Eva Schwarz. "Of course - says Elizabeth Ross - I kept that map like a treasure. I never could share anyone my experience so terrifying, but the paper's why I put it in a frame and keep it in my office."
"The case Schwarz (as it's called in the literature) is considered particularly interesting because it was reported by a doctor of international reputation and, especially, because the appearance has left physical evidence about its return to earth. An exceptional thing! "
Clearly, when people also part happenings, positivist spirits consider them "detractors" or "crazy". Because of this, most of them prefer to remain silent and speak only with people you trust, usually people who have lived the same kind of experience.
"Have you ever been in contact with a dead person?" He asked his readers, the American magazine "National Opinion Research Center" at the University of Chicago. 27% of respondents answered positively. When added to widows and answers, sample increased to 51%. Repeated recent survey found that 38% of adolescents had this kind of experience...

Tenants of the Père Lachaise cemetery

Alexandra Cazorla is a highly-medium in psychometrics. When it touches an object in contact with those to whom they belonged. She consults many people keen to discover facts were forgotten, unresolved past. One day, he visited a woman who programmed the secretary, without leaving his name. She was young but strange that Alexandra remembered that a more common insight festival held in Cannes. A then struck by her behavior bizarre and very long black hair. He came dressed in black with a long dress and lace gloves. Alexandra addressed him, telling him: "I was looking for." Since it was July and very hot woman's outfit was, at least, unusual, but more surprising was the strong smell of mothballs which they spread. At one point, someone offering a glass of water, and she refused, saying "never drink" and disappeared into the crowd after it warned that Alexandra will look. And here I am now the seat of the office: the same skirt in the ground and with the same lace gloves. "She was pale, thin, almost diaphanous, with long hair down to his waist that. I think it's flat, it has no relief. She spoke a jerky, metallic and strident voice. She complained that her mother did not want to recognize talent as a musician. She opened the purse of which drew several scores torn and yellowed. Her face does not have any expression, any little smile. I felt that living a drama. my eye was drawn to a silk shawl, he wore wrapped around his neck. "I was strangled," he said. The increasingly astonished, I asked her where she lives. "In the Pere Lachaise cemetery," he replied. "In nearby You mean! "." Oh just in the cemetery, "he insisted. Then she said a number of an alley of the cemetery. I felt that I was a chill. When the meeting was over, pulled from his bag a small coin, that I spread it. I had the feeling that the only penny he had. It was a piece of silver French, as never seen before. Perplexed, I have the courage to speak and I accompanied her to the door. He declined to go into my face. I could feel the presence back at all pleasant! When we arrived finally at the door and I opened to let her pass into the antechamber where the secretary, the woman in black was gone! I kept the currency. It's dated 1880. I keep it in a box, lock, but I never touch, lest they come back appearance. "

Dr. Moody and mirrors

Mirrors and other reflective surfaces seem to facilitate the phenomenon of the apparitions. The ancient Greeks and Egyptians used them successfully to predict the future. Drawing on "psychomanteum" of the Greeks, Dr. Raymond Moody, author of the famous bestseller "Life after Life", has developed a vision through mirrors that facilitate the meeting with members Deceased family. Among the many experiments organized by the famous professor, there are some downright drugs, lived in the community, along with students and colleagues, academics. In his books, Dr. Moody says that these meetings were lived out as real events, not as something taking imaginary. "All subjects who participated in the experiences I have confirmed that these meetings were perfectly real and that had felt the real presence of those he had left behind some deaths. Fifteen percent of the cases, subjects have even heard the voice of the dead a voice perfectly audible. In some cases, the communication took place through telepathy. Raymond Moody writes: "Twenty-five percent of those who wanted to review a deceased have not seen until after returning home. It seems that the success of the experiment will depend on the evocative power of imagination and emotion of their meeting calls for a dead lover, whose memory is celebrated constantly ".

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